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  1. Timeline of American History

    1607 
    Colonists land at Jamestown 

    1619 
     African Blacks brought to Jamestown; beginning of slavery in Virginia colony 

    1636 
    First university in colonies founded (Harvard College) 

    1754-63 
    French and Indian Wars 

    1774 
    First Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia 

    1776 
    July 4th: Declaration of American Independence signed 

    1781 
    Articles of Confederation ratified 

    1788 
    Constitution ratified 

    1789 
     First session of Congress meets; George Washington inaugurated 

    1791 
    Bill of Rights passed 

    1800 
     Washington DC becomes capital of national government 

    1812-14 
    War of 1812 

    1831 
    Nat Turner’s slave insurrection 

    1846-48 
    Mexican War 

    1848 
    Gold discovered in California; Western Gold Rush begins 

    1860 
    Abraham Lincoln elected president 

    1861-65 
    Civil War 

    1863 
     Emancipation Declaration; slaves freed 

    1865 
     Lincoln assassinated 

    1865-77 
    Reconstruction 

    1869 
    First transcontinental railroad completed 

    1876 
    Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone 

    1903 
    Wright brothers’ flight 

    1917 
    Prohibition instituted; U.S. enters World War I 

    1920 
    19th amendment ratified; women gain the right to vote 

    1927 
     Charles Lindberg’s trans-Atlantic flight 

    1929 
    Great Depression begins 

    1933 
    Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurated; initiates New Deal program 

    1941 
    Pearl Harbor bombed; U.S. enters World War II 

    1945 
    Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki 

    1950 
    U.S. enters Korea in Police Action 

    1960 
    John F. Kennedy elected president 

    1962 
      Cuban Missile Crisis 

    1963 
     JFK assassinated 

    1965 
      March on Washington in support of equal rights for blacks;  bombing of North Vietnam begins; combat troops are sent in

     

    1968 
     Martin Luther King assassinated 

    1969 
     First Moon landing 

    1974 
     President Richard M. Nixon resigns after Watergate break-in 

    1980 
    Ronald Reagan elected president 

    1992 
     Bill Clinton elected president

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